INTUITIVE AND RATIONAL COMPONENTS OF MORAL CHOICE IN CHILDREN AGED 3-11
I.I. Znamenskaya1, I.M. Sozinova2, Y.I. Alexandrov1, 2
1 Institute of Psychology, RAS 2 State Academic University for the Humanities, Moscow
This article discusses the formation heterochrony of the intuitive and rational components of moral choice. The results of the study of vegetative rates (the dynamics of heart rhythm) in children solving moral dilemmas are presented as well as the content analysis of statements of children (3–11 years) justifying their decisions. The authors consider these statements as a verbal indicator of the rational component of moral choice. It was re¬vealed that at the early stages of ontogeny (3–6 years old) children make moral choices following mostly intuitive criteria that they cannot explain. The rational components of the choice are formed later (7–9 years). We propose a hypothetical model which summarizes the materials and describes the laws of formation of moral attitude to «strangers».
Keywords: structure of subjective experience, moral dilemma, ontogeny of «moral behavior», intu¬itive and rational components, «friend or stranger», children aged 3–11, content analysis, cardiac rhythm.