CONSCIOUS SELF-REGULATION OF PERSONAL ACTIVITY AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL RESOURCE FOR ACHIEVING GOALS
Psychological Institute of RAE, Moscow
The paper presents a theoretical study of conscious self-regulation as a psychological resource. The challenge was to develop a resource approach to the understanding of conscious self-regulation to achieve professional and educational goals. We discuss the phenomenology, the concept and classification of psychological resources on the basis of literature analysis. The analysis of the scientific concepts of psychological resources in the context of various scientific approaches is described. The material for the study was also the analysis and generalization of empirical studies of self-conscious achievements of educational and professional goals. The study offers insight into psychological resources as a set of cognitive, personality and regulatory competencies of a person who can consciously use them as a means of solving various professional and educational goals. We systemically analyzed the characteristics of psychological resources, given the definition of groups and special-purpose resources. We introduced the concept of meta-resource, which is considered as a psychological tool needed to achieve its objectives in any activity. Conscious self-regulation is a meta-resource, which includes universal and special competence of the person to knowingly and independently put forward the goals and manage their achievement. These competences have cognitive foundations as well as temperament, character and self-consciousness, mobilizing, integrating and mediating their effects on human behavior.
Keywords: psychological resources, personality and cognitive competence, conscious self-regulation, and special-purpose resources, meta resource.